Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel.
|English Name:||Indian Persimmon|
|Synonym:||Diospyros peregrina (Gaertn.)Gurke|
|Common Name:||Vananji, Malabar ebony|
|Flowering & Fruiting Period:||March - May|
|Habitat:||Evergreen forests and sacred groves|
|Uses:||The fruit, when unripe, is said to be cold, light, and astringent; and to possess anti-bacterial and anthelmintic activity. The juice of the fresh bark is useful in the treatment of bilious fevers. Externally, the bark is said to be a good application for treating boils and tumours. The seeds are used as a treatment for diarrhoea and chronic dysentery. A dark oil prepared from the fruit makes an excellent varnish for paper umbrellas and fans. A valuable and highly decorative hardwood that is strong, hard, dense and very durable. It is used for items such as luxury furniture and wood carvings, and also as a raw material for boats and constructions.|
|Key Characteristics:||Dioecious trees, bark black with greenish tinge flaking off in thick scales. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; lamina oblong, margin entire. Flowers unisexual, pale yellow; male flowers: 2-7 in axillary, drooping cymes; calyx lobes 4; corolla campanulate; lobes 4, imbricate; stamens usually 40, in pairs; female flowers: usually solitary, axillary, drooping; calyx deeply divided, lobes 4; corolla campanulate, deeply divided, lobes 4; ovary superior, globose, 8-celled, ovule 1-in each cell. Fruit a berry.|