Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa

Sub-Family: Not available
English Name: Bael Tree
Synonym: Crateva marmelos L.
Common Name: Vilvam, Holy fruit tree
Flowering & Fruiting Period: March - May
Distribution: India and Sri Lanka; widely cultivated in South East Asia
Habitat: Grown in temple premises and homesteads
Uses: acred Indian Plant. Fruits are eaten fresh or made into jam and drinks. The young leaves can be eaten as salad. The sliced, sun-dried fruit are used to improve appetite, and to treat diarrhoea and dysentery. The pulp is also used to treat respiration disorders. Flowers are distilled to make perfumes. Fruit pulp is used as detergent. The wood is hard but not durable, used to make handles of small tools.
Key Characteristics: Trees to 12 m tall, deciduous; branchlets cylindric; spines present. Leaves alternate-3-foliolate, sometimes 5-foliolate, ovate-elliptic. Inflorescences axillary and terminal, racemose or corymbose. Flowers bisexual, greenish white or yellow, fragrant. Calyx cupular; lobes 4 or 5, 3-angled. Petals 5, fleshy and white. Stamens numerous in 2 or 3 series. Ovary ovoid; style short; stigma oblong. Berries ovoid, woody, yellowish, many seeded; seeds oblong and flat.