Cinnamomum verum J. Presl

Sub-Family: Not available
English Name: Cinnamon
Synonym: Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume
Common Name: Edana, Kachakam, Karuva, Vayana
Flowering & Fruiting Period: March - April
Distribution: South West India and Sri Lanka
Habitat: Evergreen and riparian forests, also cultivated
Uses: The bark of this tree is used as a spice seasoning for meat, sauces, baked goods and drinks. Oil extracted from the leaves is also used as a flavouring agent in snacks. Oil is extracted from the bark and used in pharmaceutical and dental preparations. Wood has very good working qualities.
Key Characteristics: Trees, to 20 m high, bark brown, rough, cracks vertical. Leaves simple, ovate, elliptic ovate, margin entire. Flowers bisexual, in terminal and axillary, pale yellow, silky, tube campanulate, lobes 6. Stamens 9 perfect, introrse; staminodes 3. Ovary half inferior, sessile. Fruit a berry, ellipsoid to oblong-ovoid, dark purple, surrounded by the enlarged perianth.