Adenanthera  pavonina L.

Sub-Family: Mimosoideae
English Name: Red Bead Tree
Synonym: Adenanthera gersenii Scheff.
Common Name: Circassian tree
Flowering & Fruiting Period: January - September
Distribution: Sri Lanka, North East India, Myanmar, and China
Habitat: Occurring in sacred grooves and low land areas
Uses: Ornamental, anti-inflammatory. A red powder made from the wood is also used as an antiseptic paste. In ancient Indian medicine, the ground seeds are used to treat boils and inflammations. A decoction of the leaves is used to treat gout and rheumatism.
Key Characteristics: Red bead tree is a deciduous tree with grey to reddish-brown bark. Leaves simple bipinnate, alternate. Leaflets with entire margin. Flowers- bisexual, pale yellow; petals 5. Stamens 10, free. Ovary subsessile and flat. Style filiform with simple stigma. Fruit a pod, spirally coiled after dehiscence. Seeds are glossy and red in colour.