Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub.
|English Name:||Flame of the forest|
|Synonym:||Erythrina monosperma Lam.|
|Flowering & Fruiting Period:||March - April|
|Habitat:||Dry and moist deciduous forests, also grown in the plains|
|Uses:||Tannin source, dye yielding, fire wood, anti-helminthic. A powerful astringent, it is used in the treatment of diarrhoea and wounds. Nitrogen fixing, wind break, culturally significant, green manure, timber implements. The seeds contain around 18% oil called 'moodoga oil, it is an effective treatment for hookworms.|
|Key Characteristics:||Flame of the forest is deciduous trees with bark grey to greyish-brown and exudation red. Leaves trifoliate, alternate; margin entire. Flowers bisexual, bright red; petals 5; stamens 9 + 1; stigma small. Fruit a pod, oblong, the base flat, wing-like; seed obovate, compressed.|