Briedelia retusa (L.) A. Juss.
|English Name:||Spinous Kino Tree|
|Synonym:||Clutia retusa L.|
|Common Name:||Asuvamaram, Kaini, Kadukumaram, Komanji, Mukkayini|
|Flowering & Fruiting Period:||August - December|
|Habitat:||Semi-evergreen and deciduous forests, also in the plains|
|Uses:||Ayurvedic, drought tolerant. The plant is pungent, bitter, heating, useful in lumbago, hemiplegia; bark is good for the removal of urinary concretions (Ayurveda). Root and bark are valuable astringents. The bark is used as a liniment with gingelly oil in rheumatism. The ripe fruit is edible.|
|Key Characteristics:||Briedelia retusa are deciduous trees bark greyish-brown; young trees armed with sharp thorns. Leaves simple, alternate, broadly elliptic, oblong, base round, margin entire, bright green and glabrous. Flowers unisexual; greenish-yellow, sessile, crowded in dense axillary or terminal. Male flowers: tepals 10, biseriate, valvate; stamens 5, monadelphous, anthers oblong; pistillode bifurcate; disc annular. Female flowers: tepals 10, biseriate, lanceolate, valvate; ovary half inferior, globose, 2-locular, ovules 2 in each cell; styles 2. Fruit a drupe, purplish-black.|