Terminalia crenulata Roth

Sub-Family: Not available
English Name: Black Murdah
Synonym: Not available
Common Name: Not available
Flowering & Fruiting Period: April-May
Distribution: India, Myanmar and Sri Lanka
Habitat: Moist and dry deciduous forests
Uses: An edible, copious transparent gum exudes in large globular tears from the tree. The astringent juice from the bark is used in the manufacture of palm sugar. The bark, and especially the fruit, yield pyrogallol and catechol. Pyrogallol has antiseptic properties, whilst catechol is an antioxidant. The bark is astringent. It is used in the treatment of diarrhoea. A paste of the gum is applied externally to burns and is also used to treat swellings caused by inflammation. The wood is an excellent timber, it is used for a range of purposes. The wood is an excellent fuel wood and provides an excellent charcoal.
Key Characteristics: Deciduous trees, to 30 m high; bark surface grey-black, very rough. Leaves simple. Flowers bisexual, dull yellow, in terminal and axillary paniculate spikes; calyx tube angled, lobes 5; petals absent; stamens 10 in 2 rows. Fruit a drupe, longitudinally 5-winged; seed one.