Swietenia macrophylla King

Sub-Family: Not available
English Name: Mahagony
Synonym: Swietenia belizensis Lundell
Common Name: Manthagani
Flowering & Fruiting Period: April - March
Distribution: Native of Central America
Habitat: Grown as avenue tree, also raised in plantations
Uses: Timber yielding. The bark is astringent, bitter and febrifuge. An infusion is used to treat diarrhoea and fevers.
Key Characteristics: Mahagony are deciduous trees; bark brown. Leaves paripinnate, alternate; leaflets opposite or subopposite; lamina, obliquely ovate-lanceolate, apex acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, shining above, dull beneath. Flowers bisexual, pale yellow; calyx lobes 5, lobes; petals 5, oblong; staminal tube apically 10-lobed; stamens 10; ovary superior, 5-celled, ovules many. Fruit a capsule, oblong-globose, 5-valved, woody, rusty outside; seeds many, winged.