Saraca asoca (Roxb.) de Wilde

Sub-Family: Caesalpinioideae
English Name: Asoka Tree
Synonym: Jonesia asoca Roxb.
Common Name: Hemapushpam, Vanjuulam
Flowering & Fruiting Period: February - August
Distribution: India and Myanmar
Habitat: Evergreen forests, also grown as ornamental tree in the plains
Uses: Sacred Indian plant, Ayurvedic, ornamental. The juice obtained from boiling the bark is a cure for some ailments of women, and a pulp of the blossoms is one of the remedies used for dysentery.
Key Characteristics: Saraca asocaare trees with bark surface brown or brownish-black. Leaves paripinnate, alternate; leaflets opposite, narrowly oblong, margin entire. Flowers bisexual, yellow-orange or red, in dense sessile paniculate corymbs. Calyx petalloid, cylindric; lobes 4, ovate-oblong, imbricate. Petals 0. Stamens 7 or 8, coloured; anthers versatile. Ovary half inferior, stipitate. Fruit a pod, flat, oblong.