Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre

Sub-Family: Papilionoideae
English Name: Pongam OilTree
Synonym: Galedupa indica Lam.
Common Name: Minnari, Ponnam, Hongay oil tree, Indian beech tree
Flowering & Fruiting Period: April - December
Distribution: Indo-Malesia
Habitat: Deciduous and mangrove forests, also planted as avenue tree
Uses: Biofuel. Oil is used in medicine for the treatment of rheumatism
Key Characteristics: Pongamia pinnataare evergreen trees, surface grey, smooth. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate; leaflet, elliptic-lanceolate, margin entire. Flowers bisexual, purplish-white, in lax axillary racemes. Calyx tube campanulate; minutely 5 toothed, apex truncate; corolla exserted. Petals 5. Stamens 10, monadelphous. Ovary subsessile, inferior, 1-celled, ovules 2. Fruit a pod, obliquely oblong, flat, thick.