Anisomeles indica (L.) O. Ktze.
|English Name:||Not available|
|Synonym:||Anisomeles heyneana Benth.|
|Flowering & Fruiting Period:||January-April|
|Distribution:||Indo-Malesia and China|
|Habitat:||Dry and moist deciduous forests and wastelands|
|Uses:||The essential oil is used as flavouring for sago cakes. The whole plant is used, but especially the leaves and the roots. It is a powerful astringent, carminative, febrifuge and tonic. The leaves yield an essential oil which shows antimicrobial activity. The plant is used in the treatment of rheumatism, colds, fevers, abdominal pain, skin sores, and snake bites. A decoction of the leaves is used as an antirheumatic and stomachic, and also to treat uterine infections, kidney gravel, swellings and hypertension. The plant is burnt as a mosquito repellent.|
|Key Characteristics:||Erect, aromatic woody herbs, stem 4-angled, grooved on opposite sides, densely pubescent. Leaves simple, opposite, broadly ovate to obovate, margin coarsely serrate-crenate; petiole to 3 cm long. Flowers in axillary sessile clusters or in terminal interrupted spikes. Calyx campanulate; lobes 5, ovate, ciliate on margin. Corolla pale pink, 2-lipped. Stamens 4, didynamous, exserted; filaments hairy; anthers of upper pair 2-celled, of lower 1-celled. Ovary 4-partite; style slender; stigma 2-fid; disc subentire. Nutlets 4, lenticular, reddish-brown.|