Lantana camara L.

Sub-Family: Not available
English Name: Wild Sage
Synonym: Camara vulgaris Benth.
Common Name: Njandukali
Flowering & Fruiting Period: April-June
Distribution: Native of Tropical America
Habitat: Introduced as ornamental plant; now naturalised as weed
Uses: Ornamental weed. Lantana essential oil is sometimes used for the treatment of skin itches, as an antiseptic for wounds, and externally for leprosy and scabies. A decoction of the dried flowers is used in the treatment of haemoptysis and pulmonary tuberculosis.
Key Characteristics: Much branched scandent shrubs; stem 4-angled, armed with short thorns. Leaves simple, opposite, margin creneate-serrate. Inflorescence terminal and axillary condensed spikes. Flowers sessile, orangish-red, changing to deep red on ageing. Calyx truncate. Corolla salver-shaped. Stamens 4, included. Ovary 2-celled; ovules 1 in each cell; style slender; stigma subcapitate. Fruit is a drupe.