Dysoxylum malabaricum Bedd. ex C.DC.
|English Name:||White Cedar|
|Synonym:||Alliaria malabarica Kuntze|
|Common Name:||Purippa, Vellakil|
|Flowering & Fruiting Period:||February-June|
|Distribution:||Southern Western Ghats|
|Uses:||The fruits and wood are used in traditional medicine. A decoction of the wood is useful in the treatment of arthritis, anorexia, cardiac debility, expelling intestinal worms, inflammation, leprosy & rheumatism. The wood oil is used in treating ear and eye diseases. The wood is a source of essential oil and is also used to make incense sticks. The wood is highly reputed, its lustrous and sweet-scented wood is highly valued for various woodworks. It is an important constituent in the perfumery and ply wood industry and is also used for making motor truck bodies, furniture, carts, railway carriages toys and textile wooden accessories like bobbins. It is also good for cooperage, especially tight cooperages and for the frame work of carts and carriages.|
|Key Characteristics:||Trees, to 35 m high, greyish-yellow, rough, verrucose; lenticels warty, fissured; aromatic, outer bark dead, corky. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, estipulate; leaflets opposite, subopposite or alternate, elliptic-oblong, ovate-oblong or lanceolate. Flowers bisexual, greenish-yellow, fragrant. Calyx deeply 4 lobed. Petals 4, linear-oblong, subacute, pubescent outside, imbricate. Staminal tube urceolate; anthers 8, included; disc cup shape, entire. Ovary superior, densely pubescent, 4-celled; stigma capitate, 4-lobed. Fruit a capsule, pyriform, bright yellow; seeds reddish-brown, bluntly trigonus.|