Durio zibethinus L.
|Synonym:||Durio acuminatissimus Merr.|
|Common Name:||Civet fruit tree|
|Flowering & Fruiting Period:||February-June|
|Distribution:||Cultivated in India, Native of Malay Peninsula|
|Habitat:||Occasionally grown for the edible fruits|
|Uses:||Fruit edible - raw or cooked. The ripening fruit produces a strongly unpleasant aroma, but the flesh has a delicious flavor. Seed - cooked. Boiled or roasted and eaten as nuts. The fruit is used as an aphrodisiac. The wood and dried fruit rind are used as a fuel.|
|Key Characteristics:||Tree to 20-36 m tall, the trunk straight, the bark grey, smooth. Leaves narrowly elliptic, rounded at the base, the margins somewhat undulated. Flowers with the pedicels thick; epicalyx short-tubular; calyx oblong-tubular, scarcely swollen and rounded at the base; staminal tube white at the base and at the apex, reddish in the middle, longer than the calyx; ovary densely white-lepidote, the cells 2-ovulate; style long-exserted, the stigma orange. Capsule globular, completely dehiscent on the tree, the spines conical; seeds 1-5, chestnut-like, the testa brown and shining.|