Artocarpus integer (Thunb.) Merr.
|Synonym:||Artocarpus champeden (Lour.) Stokes|
|Common Name:||Not available|
|Flowering & Fruiting Period:||July - October|
|Distribution:||Southeast Asia - Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia.|
|Habitat:||A common, sub-canopy tree in secondary forests and locally abundant in primary lowland rainforest, often on wet hillsides in Thailand. Usually found at elevations up to 450 metres, occasionally to 1,200 metres.|
|Uses:||Fruits are edible either raw or cooked. The pulp of the ripe fruit is golden-yellow, it is rather slimy and strongly odoriferous. The flavour is sweet, resembling durian and mango. he unripe fruit is used as a cooked vegetable or is added to soups. Ripe seeds - roasted or boiled and eaten as a delicacy. Young leaves - cooked and used as a vegetable. A fibre obtained from the bark can be used to make rope. A resin obtained from the tree is used as a varnishing material. The bark contains tannin. With alum, the extract of heartwood provides a yellow dye that is moderately fast on silk. This dye is used in colouring the saffron-coloured robes of Buddhists. The dark yellow to brown wood is strong and durable and is used for building construction, furniture and boats. The tree is a good fuel wood.|
|Key Characteristics:||Evergreen monoecious tree, up to 33 m tall, seldom buttressed, bark grey-brown, bumps on trunk and main limbs where leafy twigs are produced which bear the fruits. Leaves obovate to elliptic, margin entire. Inflorescences solitary, axillary, cauliflorous or ramiflorous. Fruit a syncarp, cylindrical to almost globose, yellowish to brownish to orange-green.|